If you like to stay up to date with everything that is happening in the world, then you might have seen people blaming conflicts for something bad happening in a country. For instance, you might see news outlets reporting that the conflicts Nigeria are because of the climate change. However, according to the research, the conflicts happen because of determinants rather than climate change.
As per some research, effects of climate change like drought result in reduced conflicts. In a paper that was recently published, the conflict in Africa is way higher in times of prosperity and productivity as compared to in times of scarcity. It only goes to say that conflicts do not happen because of climate change in the Africa.
However, there are some situations due to which climate change can result in a conflict. However, this happens on such a rare scale, that many don’t even consider it. In addition to that, climate change that is responsible for droughts, and floods is only one of several probable factors.
Violence And Climate Change
According to some experts, places like Nigeria, Syria, as well as Somalia are all following a pattern, and in this pattern droughts, as well as water crises are the leading factors in political instability, but at the same time, these countries are recognized by their governance which is already weak; something that does serve as a strong factor for violence.
Sure, factors like climate change might be responsible for worsening the condition, but let’s not forget that the actual reasons behind the ever so increasing violence is the war and corruption that have run amok in the aforementioned countries. Just take Nigeria, Yemen, South Sudan, and Somalia as an example; all of these countries went through extreme level of famine in 2017, and during that time, all 4 of the countries were going through severe war and corruption that was somehow linked to the famine that was happening.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, the 19 countries that are going through food crises are also going through conflict as well as violence.
As for the food riots, they normally tend to happen when the food prices go through a sharp rise, or when the food prices are unpredictable. However, it is important to keep in mind that climate change can also be a determinant in the increasing food prices.
While food and water shortages that happen because of drought as well as heat waves might have an influence on factors such as violence and conflict in the years to come, it is not entirely certain. What we are sure about is that climate change is something that is not a universal determinant behind armed conflict, as well as violence.
In some way, the sudden variation in climate might play a role in violence escalation, but the impact of climate change is not as big as issues such as scarce economic development, and lack of proper rights.